Bologna is the capital of the Emilia-Romagna region, a city that has managed to preserve its medieval beauties as well as its culinary traditions, in the face of a great economic expansion occurred in recent decades, as in the automotive field boasting names like Lamborghini and Ducati.
The town nucleus is represented by the basilica of San Petronio, dedicated to the patron saint of the city, built by the end of the fourteenth century and contains within it an important artistic heritage. Inside it is possible to admire works of art of great Italian names such as Michelangelo and Lorenzo Costa, while lowering one’s gaze one sees a long line on the ground that runs through the aisles, it is the largest sundial in the world. The cathedral overlooks Piazza Maggiore, characterized by various buildings such as that of the podestà, that of the benches and that of the notaries. Not far away is the symbol of the city, the statue of Neptune, covered with Verona marble and placed over a large fountain, giving its back to the famous Palazzo Re Enzo where a medieval cloister is well preserved.
Another symbol of the city are its towers, which in the Middle Ages were hundreds, but today two of the remaining ones are the most important, namely the Garisenda tower, and obviously the Asinelli tower, 97 meters high. Bologna is one of the most important university cities of Europe, here in fact the first university in the world was born in 1088. The oldest nucleus of the universities is located along via Zamboni under a long arcade full of young people and locals. A characteristic area for the faculties, for the streets dedicated to local gastronomy, for the ancient churches that surround it and for the canals that remind tourists that even Bologna was similar to Venice centuries ago.
The historical center is for the tourist looking for shopping in the great streets of the city, in particular in Via Indipendenza, and for those who are looking for ancient medieval streets that bear the names of artisan crafts and are now full of locals. In this city tradition meets beauty as in the church of San Francesco founded following the arrival of the saint in Bologna in 1222. It was designed according to the architectural rules of the French Gothic style with flying buttresses that support the structure and a facade so high as to leave you open-mouthed, but enter the cloister of the convent the grandeur of the place leaves room for prayer and escape from everyday stress.
Equally characteristic is the complex of Saint Stephen called this way because it gathers seven churches that retrace the Jerusalem of the Bible, bringing the faithful to relive the moments of the life of Jesus until the Holy Sepulcher. Bologna is also a city of food and wine with a mandatory destination for lovers of Italian cuisine, the Mercato delle Erbe, with areas dedicated to the Emilia cuisine and others for the sale of traditional products. Just as this is also the city of the inventor of wireless telegraphy, Guglielmo Marconi, thanks to which the man has discovered how to use radio waves to communicate and to which today a plaque is dedicated under his house.
Finally, Bologna is also the birthplace of the world’s leading brands in the motor world, here in 1914 the Maserati was born, which then moved to Modena, in the nearby town of Sant’Agata Bolognese there is the headquarters of Lamborghini, while in the urban area it is present the headquarters of Ducati. The red bike of Bologna is the symbol of speed and victory, which since 2003 participates in the GP World Championship winning in 2007 and almost always arriving in the first three places in the other editions. The history and successes of Ducati are visible in its museum where it tells the story of an entrepreneurial success started in 1926 and that has never ceased to excite.